The Indus Valley Civilization, which ended some five thousand years ago, still thrills historians. A recent research has revealed that the people of the Indus Valley Civilization loved meat. Meat was the staple diet in their diet and beef was also consumed heavily. Akshayeta Suryanarayana, a researcher at Cambridge University, published in the Journal of Archaeological Science has claimed this in his study. In his PhD thesis, Akshayeta researched residues of fat on pottery of the Indus Valley Civilization. Excess of meat of pigs, cattle, buffaloes, sheep and goats was found in these. The remains of many milk products were also found in the ancient pots found in urban and rural areas of ancient north-western India. Presently this area falls in Haryana and Uttar Pradesh.
Akshayeta has prepared his study titled ‘Fat residues in pottery from Indus civilization in North Western India’. Vasant Shinde, former Vice-Chancellor and renowned archaeologist Professor of Deccan College, Pune, and Professor Ravindra N Singh of BHU have also contributed to the research. Many people of Cambridge University also participated in this research process. The focus was on five villages.
Alamgirpur (Meerut, Uttar Pradesh)
Masudpur, Lahori Ragho (Hisar, Haryana)
Khanak (Bhiwani, Haryana
Decree Town (Rohtak)
Research was carried out on 172 utensils / utensils found in excavations from these areas. Talking to The Indian Express, Akshayeta said that much of the research done so far has been the focus on what was grown in the Indus Valley Civilization. His study tells what was cooking in the Indus Valley civilisation.
According to Study, the number of cattle / buffaloes in animals whose bones have been found in the pot is between 50% and 60%. The share of sheep / goat remained around 10%. The prominence of the bones of cattle has led researchers to speculate that culturally, people used to eat beef with great fervor. Mutton was also eaten. According to Study, 90% of the cattle were kept alive until they were three-and-a-half years old. The inference is that females were used for milk, while males were used for farming.
According to research by Akshayeta, the flesh of wild animals was eaten less. Although parts of deer, reindeer, chital, birds and aquatic animals have also been found in the remains of both rural and urban areas, but in small quantities. Researchers estimate that the diet of the people of the Indus Valley Civilization included all kinds of elements.