New Delhi: Ventilators purchased from the PM Cares Fund are also in the limelight in the country amid Corona’s emergency. The Punjab government said that these ventilators are bad while the truth is different. Actually, PM Cares Fund was created with the donated money of the people. Although the ventilators purchased from the PM Cares Fund were not only installed in hospitals of the Punjab government, but far from all this, it has been brought to you the complete and most reliable story of the ventilators purchased through the Ministry of Health from the PM Cares Fund.

Corona was knocking around the world from December 2019. In China, Europe and America there was an outcry from this disease. The Indian government was also keeping a close watch on these conditions. By the month of February 2020, the government started preparing to fight this disease. It was felt that due to this disease, the respiratory system of the patient is being affected the most. In such a case, a large number of ventilators will be needed. At that time, there were only around 16000 ventilators in the country while the population is very large.

Importing ventilator was difficult
A senior health ministry official said that it was very difficult to import ventilators from abroad at that time because there was a very strong need for ventilators in all those countries. Also, the countries of America and Europe had banned the export of all medical equipment including ventilators.

In such a situation, it was decided at a high level meeting of the Healthy Ministry that ventilators should be made in the country itself, but now the biggest problem was that the technology for making ventilators was not in the country. Only one company, Bharat Electric Limited, had the technology to make ventilators. The central government asked Bharat Electric Limited to transfer its technology, technology was transferred to the scanner and DRDO. DRDO helped a lot in this work.

A senior health ministry official said that now the biggest problem facing the health ministry was that after transferring the technology, which companies should make ventilators because there was no ventilator company in the country. For this, Hindustan Life Care Limited, a public sector company of the Government of India, was selected. Hindustan Life Care Limited is a Public Sector Undertaking of the Government of India, of Health Care. Hindustan Lifecare Limited took out tenders to prepare ventilators. Five companies were selected through this tender. These five companies were entrusted with the task of transferring technology and making ventilators. These companies are-

    1. The company named SCANRO-Scanners was first transferred the technology and the same company was also entrusted with the task of making 3000 ventilators.
    1. AMTZ – MTZ is a Government of India Public Sector Undertaking Company. It was tasked to make 13500 ventilators.
    1. The company based in AGVA-Noida was also entrusted with the responsibility of making ventilators. This company had a tie-up with Maruti Udyog Ltd. for technical assistance. This company was entrusted with the responsibility of making 10,000 ventilators.
    1. Jyoti CMC- Through the tender of Hindustan Lifecare Limited, a company named Jyoti CMC was also selected. This company was entrusted with the responsibility of making 5000 ventilators.
    1. ALLIED MEDICLE – A company named Allied Medical was also tasked to manufacture 350 ventilators.

Based on the tender called by Hindustan Life Care Limited, according to the capacity of each company, they were tasked to make ventilators. The Ministry of Health, Government of India, had set a target to produce a total of 60,000 ventilators. Out of this, 58850 ventilators are being prepared under Make in India. Orders were made to make these ventilators in the Empowered Group of Health Ministry by 17 April 2020.

Ventilator certification problem
Once the ventilators were ready, the biggest problem was their certification. The Ministry of Health constituted a technical committee. The presentation of these ventilators in front of this technical committee was done for several days and sometimes for several weeks on the demonstration, checking and improvement, these ventilators were approved only after the technical committee was fully satisfied. After this, these ventilators were checked in a clinical setting, ie on the patients in the hospital. Only after this did DGHS approve these ventilators with minimum specification.

At the time when there was talk of technology transfer and tender for planning and preparing ventilators, at the same time the discussion about their cost and expenditure started. Only then did the Prime Minister’s Office tell the Health Ministry that funding would be made to purchase 50,000 ventilators from the PM Cares Fund. Hearing this decision of the Prime Minister, a huge expenditure of the Health Ministry was arranged and a big problem of the Health Ministry was solved with it.

Purchased from PM Cares Fund 50,000 Ventilator
2140 crore rupees have been released from the PM Cares Fund to purchase 50,000 ventilators. As of April 6 this year, out of 50,000 ventilators funded by PM Cares, about 35,000 ventilators have been given to all the states. Out of these, 32700 ventilators have been installed so far and about 13000 ventilators are yet to be installed which could not be installed due to various reasons. Due to one such technical reason, 71 out of 80 ventilators could not be installed in Faridkot in Punjab, whereas the responsibility of providing resources to install ventilators is the responsibility of the state government.

Now the question arises that after purchasing these ventilators, on the basis of which they were given to the states and from the installation of these ventilators, who is responsible for the maintenance? A senior official of the Health Ministry said that according to the demand of the states, these ventilators have been made available to those states by the Health Ministry.

Which state got how many ventilators
The highest number of ventilators 4960 were made available to Andhra Pradesh. After that, Maharashtra is named after the second number, where 4434 ventilators were made available. Uttar Pradesh at number three where 4016 ventilators were made available. After this, Gujarat where 3400 ventilators were made available. Then Rajasthan where 1992 ventilators were made available. 1450 ventilators were provided in Tamil Nadu and 1400 in Telangana while 1120 ventilators were made available in West Bengal. 2025 ventilators were made available to Karnataka, while Sikkim is a state from which the demand for providing a single ventilator has not come yet.

Now the question arises how to install these ventilators? It is the responsibility of the company making ventilators to install these ventilators, but it is the responsibility of the state government to provide pipeline systems, minimum oxygen pressure, ventilator connectors for the ventilators. Apart from this, the filters installed in the ventilator, consumable items such as HME filters, oxygen sensors, oxygen tubing have to be changed with every patient and it is also the responsibility of the state to replace it. 71 out of 80 ventilators in Faridkot were not working. Engineers of Bharat Electric Limited visited the site of Faridkot when they pointed out the drawback to the state government and after that it has been rectified.

A senior health ministry official said that a company named Jyoti CMC has supplied ventilators in Patiala but the state government did not provide ventilator connectors there. In October last year, the order of these ventilators was received by the state government and since then ventilators were made available to the state government, but due to non-availability of connectors through the state government, these ventilators were lying idle.

The Union Ministry of Health had made a provision to pay ventilator money or price to the company making the ventilator only when the ventilator was installed and fully functional and for the reason ventilators were not connected and installed in Patiala, therefore, the money was not even given to a company named Jyoti CMC. Also, there is a provision of 1 year warranty of these ventilators. Within 1 year, it is the responsibility of the company for servicing, replacement and replacement of any ventilator.

A senior Health Ministry official also said that in case of any shortage or complaint in these ventilators, there are 36 WhatsApp groups from different states, in which the concerned state can report the fault in the ventilator, all these groups there are also nodal officers of the state and besides the chief executives of the companies, technicians are also part of this group. Apart from this, helpline numbers have also been issued by companies.

Lives of millions saved
According to the Health Ministry official, due to the decision of the Health Ministry to make and install ventilators, the lives of millions of people have been saved in the country, at a time when the demand for ventilators in the whole world was increasing rapidly and in India the ventilator could not be obtained from abroad. In such a situation, it was very important to think about preparing ventilators in the country and save the lives of people.

Out of the target of Health Ministry to prepare 60,000 ventilators in the country, 58,850 ventilators are being prepared under Make in India in the country. So far, more than 34000 ventilators have been prepared in the country. These ventilators are much cheaper than the ventilators imported from America and Germany, which cost 10 to 20 lakhs per ventilator, but are equally effective in saving the lives of Indians. If the government did not decide to make ventilators on time, then Corona’s emergency would have been felt badly by now. In this emergency, these home ventilators have stood as the protectors of the life of the country.

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